Mutual Relation between the Islamic Republic of Iran’s Political Identity and Enemy US
With the victory of the Islamic Revolution and the ensuing hostage-taking at the US embassy in Tehran in 1979, an "other" – the enemy US – has turned into one of the most significant demonstrative and stabilizing elements of the political identity of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This article, focused on the role of political identity, seeks to explain why four decades after the Islamic Revolution, the Islamic Republic of Iran sticks with the policy of no-ties with the United States of America, resists US-centered structural pressure and rejects any reconciliation with the US. To answer this question, we resort to the views of political realists. Political realists refer to distinction between friend and foe as the essence and core of politics, but also note the groups and divisions’ naturally strong desire for political identity instead of structure and inclination for power. They also lay emphasis on the necessity of keeping distance from enemies for survival and realization of objectives.